1976

Whitfiled Diffie and Martin Hellman, "New directions in Cryptography"

1982

Murray Rothbard, "The Ethics of Liberty"

1985

Neal Koblitz, "Elliptic Curve Cryptography"

1988

Timothy C. May, "The Crypto-Anarchist's Manifesto"

1989

David Chaum, founded Digicash

1991

Philip Zimmermann, Pretty Good Privacy - PGP

S. Haber, W.S. Stornetta, "How to time-stamp a digital document"

1992

Cypherpunks funded in SF by Eric Hughes, Timothy C. May and John Gilmore

Tim Berners-Lee, World Wide Web

1993

Eric Hughes, "A Cypherpunk's Manifesto"

1994

Timothy C. May, "The Cyphernomicon"

Daniel C. Lynch, CyberCash

1996

D. Jackson, B. Downey, E-gold

NSA, "How To Make a Mint"

1997

Adam Back, HashCash, DOS counter-measure w/ proof-of-work

Nick Szabo, "Formalizing and Securing Relationships on Public Networks" - Smart contracts, Third part vulnerabilities

1999 - 2001

Many online retailer currencies in the dotcom bubble (Beenz, Flooz, etc.)

2001

Video game currencies and market (era started in 2001)

Distrubuted Hash Tables

Bram Cohen, BitTorrent

2004

Hal Finney, "Reusable Proof-of-work"

2008

Lehman Brothers Bankruptcy (Sep 15, 2008)

Satoshi Nakamoto, "Bitcoin: A Peer-to-peer Electronic Cash System" (Oct 31, 2008)

2009

Bitcoin inception, "Chancellor on brink of second bailout for banks" (Jan 3, 2009)